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Gender, Hidden Profiles and the Individual Preference Effect

Nicholson, Dawn H, Hopthrow, Tim, Randsley de Moura, Georgina (2021) Gender, Hidden Profiles and the Individual Preference Effect. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, . ISSN 0021-9029. E-ISSN 1559-1816. (doi:10.1111/jasp.12846) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:91728)

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https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12846

Abstract

In this paper we meta-analysed nine of our own studies to examine gender effects in decision-making when information is asymmetrically distributed amongst group members in a Hidden Profile. In particular, we examined the influence of individual preferences on decision-making outcomes and how, or whether, they differed by gender. The meta-analysis of our studies, which focused on individual decision-making, suggested that the Individual Preference Effect (IPE), a form of confirmation bias, may manifest differently by gender: female participants in the Hidden Profile condition demonstrated greater improvement in decision quality when moving from viewing partial to full information than their male counterparts. No gender differences in decision quality were found when information was presented in a structured one-page Manifest Profile, with all information made immediately available to all participants. This gender differential in the IPE is not contemplated by previous IPE or Hidden Profile research, so this finding is of significant interest. We discuss our results in the context of previous mixed findings regarding the effect of gender diversity in improving group decision-making and potential workplace changes required to recognise this gender difference.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/jasp.12846
Uncontrolled keywords: Hidden Profile, Individual Preference Effect, Gender, Meta-Analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Dawn Nicholson
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2021 14:58 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2021 11:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/91728 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Nicholson, Dawn H: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7307-4727
Hopthrow, Tim: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2331-7150
Randsley de Moura, Georgina: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6285-6128
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