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The new EU counter-terrorism Agenda: preemptive security through the anticipation of terrorist events

Baker-Beall, Christopher, Mott, Gareth (2021) The new EU counter-terrorism Agenda: preemptive security through the anticipation of terrorist events. Global Affairs, . ISSN 2334-0460. (doi:10.1080/23340460.2021.1995461) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:91181)

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https://doi.org/10.1080/23340460.2021.1995461

Abstract

This article argues that the new EU Counter-Terrorism Agenda is based on logics of anticipatory action. Three types of anticipatory action that are central to the development of EU counter-terrorism are identified: preparedness, precaution and preemption. We argue that while the original EU Counter-Terrorism Strategy contained a mixture of these three forms of anticipatory action, the new Counter-Terrorism Agenda places a renewed emphasis on preemptive measures with preparedness given less prominence. The reinforcing of preemptive security practice is most vividly reflected in the CT Agenda's new Anticipate workstream, which emphasises the utility of preemptive computer-based technologies, including Artificial Intelligence and algorithms, as key dimensions of the response to terrorism. The article identifies challenges of transparency and effectiveness that arise when applying computer-based technologies to counter-terrorism, highlighting the importance of regulatory oversight if the EU's commitment to the development of security policies that respect fundamental rights is to be guaranteed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/23340460.2021.1995461
Uncontrolled keywords: European Union; counter-terrorism; anticipatory security; artificial intelligence; pre-emption
Subjects: J Political Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
University-wide institutes > Institute of Cyber Security for Society
Depositing User: Gareth Mott
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2021 08:20 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2021 23:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/91181 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Baker-Beall, Christopher: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4641-4463
Mott, Gareth: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8788-769X
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