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A proline metabolism selection system and its application to the engineering of lipid biosynthesis in Chinese hamster ovary cells

Budge, James D., Roobol, Joanne, Singh, Gurdeep, Mozzanino, Théo, Knight, Tanya J., Povey, Jane F., Dean, Andrew, Turner, Sarah J, Jaques, Colin M., Young, Robert J., and others. (2021) A proline metabolism selection system and its application to the engineering of lipid biosynthesis in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Metabolic Engineering Communications, 13 . Article Number e00179. ISSN 2214-0301. (doi:10.1016/j.mec.2021.e00179) (KAR id:89636)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mec.2021.e00179

Abstract

Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are the leading mammalian cell host employed to produce complex secreted recombinant biotherapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Metabolic selection marker technologies (e. g. glutamine synthetase (GS) or dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR)) are routinely employed to generate such re-combinant mammalian cell lines. Here we describe the development of a selection marker system based on the metabolic requirement of CHO cells to produce proline, and that uses pyrroline-5-carboxylase synthetase (P5CS) to complement this auxotrophy. Firstly, we showed the system can be used to generate cells that have growth kinetics in proline-free medium similar to those of the parent CHO cell line, CHOK1SV GS-KO™ grown in proline- containing medium. As we have previously described how engineering lipid metabolism can be harnessed to enhance recombinant protein productivity in CHO cells, we then used the P5CS selection system to re-engineer lipid metabolism by over-expression of either sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBF1) or stearoyl CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1). The cells with re-engineered proline and lipid metabolism showed consistent growth and P5CS, SCD1 and SREBF1 expression across 100 cell generations. Finally, we show that the P5CS and GS selection systems can be used together. A GS vector containing the light and heavy chains for a mAb was super- transfected into a CHOK1SV GS-KO™ host over-expressing SCD1 from a P5CS vector. The resulting stable transfectant pools achieved a higher concentration at harvest for a model difficult to express mAb than the CHOK1SV GS-KO™ host. This demonstrates that the P5CS and GS selection systems can be used concomitantly to enable CHO cell line genetic engineering and recombinant protein expression.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.mec.2021.e00179
Uncontrolled keywords: Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, Metabolic selection system, Cell engineering, Proline metabolism,Biotherapeutic protein production
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Mark Smales
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2021 10:53 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 14:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/89636 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Smales, Christopher Mark: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2762-4724
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