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Computational Methods for Image Acquisition and Analysis with Applications in Optical Coherence Tomography

Bai, Fangliang (2021) Computational Methods for Image Acquisition and Analysis with Applications in Optical Coherence Tomography. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.89414) (KAR id:89414)

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Abstract

The computational approach to image acquisition and analysis plays an important role in medical imaging and optical coherence tomography (OCT). This thesis is dedicated to the development and evaluation of algorithmic solutions for better image acquisition and analysis with a focus on OCT retinal imaging.

For image acquisition, we first developed, implemented, and systematically evaluated a compressive sensing approach for image/signal acquisition for single-pixel camera architectures and an OCT system. Our evaluation outcome provides a detailed insight into implementing compressive data acquisition of those imaging systems. We further proposed a convolutional neural network model, LSHR-Net, as the first deep-learning imaging solution for the single-pixel camera. This method can achieve better accuracy, hardware-efficient image acquisition and reconstruction than the conventional compressive sensing algorithm.

Three image analysis methods were proposed to achieve retinal OCT image analysis with high accuracy and robustness. We first proposed a framework for healthy retinal layer segmentation. Our framework consists of several image processing algorithms specifically aimed at segmenting a total of 12 thin retinal cell layers, outperforming other segmentation methods. Furthermore, we proposed two deep-learning-based models to segment retinal oedema lesions in OCT images, with particular attention on processing small-scale datasets. The first model leverages transfer learning to implement oedema segmentation and achieves better accuracy than comparable methods. Based on the meta-learning concept, a second model was designed to be a solution for general medical image segmentation. The results of this work indicate that our model can be applied to retinal OCT images and other small-scale medical image data, such as skin cancer, demonstrated in this thesis.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.89414
Uncontrolled keywords: computational imaging, optical coherence, tomography, compressive sensing, medical imaging
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Physical Sciences
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2021 13:07 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2021 13:37 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/89414 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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