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A two-arm parallel-group individually randomised prison pilot study of a male remand alcohol intervention for self-efficacy enhancement: the APPRAISE study protocol

Holloway, Aisha, Guthrie, Victoria, Waller, Gillian, Smith, Jamie, Boyd, Joanne, Mercado, Sharon, Smith, Pam, Stenhouse, Rosie, Sheikh, Aziz, Parker, Richard Anthony, and others. (2021) A two-arm parallel-group individually randomised prison pilot study of a male remand alcohol intervention for self-efficacy enhancement: the APPRAISE study protocol. BMJ Open, 11 (4). Article Number e040636. E-ISSN 2044-6055. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040636) (KAR id:89365)

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Official URL:
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040636

Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of at- risk drinking is far higher among those in contact with the criminal justice system (73%) than the general population (35%). However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions (ABIs) in reducing risky drinking among those in the criminal justice system, including the prison system and, in particular, those on remand. Building on earlier work, A two- arm parallel group individually randomised Prison Pilot study of a male Remand Alcohol Intervention for Self- efficacy Enhancement (APPRAISE) is a pilot study designed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an ABI, delivered to male prisoners on remand. The findings of APPRAISE should provide the information required to design a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT).

Methods and analysis: APPRAISE will use mixed methods, with two linked phases, across two prisons in the UK, recruiting 180 adult men on remand: 90 from Scotland and 90 from England. Phase I will involve a twoarm, parallel- group, individually randomised pilot study. The pilot evaluation will provide data on the likely impact of A two- arm parallel group individually randomised Prison Pilot study of a male Remand Alcohol Intervention for Self- ef"cacy Enhancement (APPRAISE), which will be used to inform a future definitive multicentre RCT. Phase II will be a process evaluation assessing how the ABI has been implemented to explore the change mechanisms underpinning the ABI (figure 1) and to assess the context within which the ABI is delivered.

Ethics and dissemination: The APPRAISE protocol has been approved by the East of Scotland Research Ethics Committee (19/ES/0068), National Offender Management System (2019-240), Health Board Research and Development (2019/0268), Scottish Prison Service research and ethics committee, and by the University of Edinburgh’s internal ethics department. The findings will be disseminated via peer- reviewed journal publications, presentations at local, national and international conferences, infographics and shared with relevant stakeholders through meetings and events.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040636
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5001 Alcoholism and intemperance
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Edward Skeates
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 11:55 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2022 12:28 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/89365 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Coulton, Simon: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7704-3274
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