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Emerging threats from deforestation and forest fragmentation in the Wallacea centre of endemism

Voigt, Maria, Supriatna, Jatna, Deere, Nicolas J., Kastanya, Agustinus, Mitchell, Simon L., Rosa, Isabel M.D., Santika, Truly, Siregar, Rondang, Tasirin, John, Widyanto, Adi, and others. (2021) Emerging threats from deforestation and forest fragmentation in the Wallacea centre of endemism. Environmental Research Letters, . ISSN 1748-9326. (doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac15cd) (KAR id:89330)

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Official URL:
https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac15cd

Abstract

The Wallacea biogeographic region of Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Lesser Sunda, is globally renowned for exceptional endemism, but is currently emerging as a development frontier in Indonesia. We assessed patterns and drivers of forest loss and fragmentation across the region, and used dynamic deforestation models to project future deforestation to 2053. Up to 10,231 km2 was deforested between 2000 and 2018, and a further 49,570 km2 is expected to be lost by 2053, with annual deforestation rates ranging between 0.09% and 2.17% in different sub-regions (average: 1.23%). Key Biodiversity Areas (priority sites for endemic and threatened biodiversity) are particularly vulnerable to deforestation if they are small, coastal and unprotected. Sub-regional variation in deforestation patterns and drivers must be acknowledged if conservation interventions are to be targeted and effective. We provide a valuable baseline from which to monitor Wallacea’s new development course, as Indonesia undergoes profound policy changes that will provide both challenges and opportunities for environmental governance and conservation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac15cd
Projects: IFL Wallacea Project
Uncontrolled keywords: Biodiversity, Conservation, Forest, Indonesia, Key Biodiversity Areas, Land-cover change, Maluku, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Tropics
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH541 Ecology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Organisations -1 not found.
Organisations -1 not found.
Depositing User: Maria Voigt
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2021 12:59 UTC
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 23:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/89330 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Voigt, Maria: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2894-7031
Deere, Nicolas J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1299-2126
Mitchell, Simon L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8826-4868
Davies, Zoe G.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0767-1467
Struebig, Matthew J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2058-8502
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