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Advanced Methodologies for Pharmaceutical Salt Synthesis

Mithu, Md. Sadeque Hossain, Economidou, Sophia, Trivedi, Vivek, Bhatt, Saumil, Douroumis, Dennis (2021) Advanced Methodologies for Pharmaceutical Salt Synthesis. Crystal Growth and Design, 21 (2). pp. 1358-1374. ISSN 1528-7483. E-ISSN 1528-7505. (doi:10.1021/acs.cgd.0c01427) (KAR id:88772)

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https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.0c01427

Abstract

Pharmaceutical salt formation is the most preferred and effective method to enhance the physicochemical properties of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) such as solubility, bioavailability, stability, and processability. Salts are defined as crystalline materials composed of two or more different molecules, typically, drug and salt formers in the same crystal lattice, where the components in the crystal lattice are in an ionized state and interact via ionic interactions. Conventionally, the solvent-mediated process is used to manufacture the salts, where the use of a vast amount of solvent has a detrimental effect on the environment. Recently, there have been very few solvent-free methods reported for pharmaceutical salt manufacturing salt. In this article, recent trends and advances in synthesis and manufacturing of salts are reviewed. Furthermore, the operational principles of commonly employed salt manufacturing technologies are discussed including their benefits and drawbacks in terms of purity, stability, throughput, and limitations in large-scale production. The final section is devoted to reviewing the regulatory issues in terms of the patent application for the salt form of an API compared to other multicomponent forms.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1021/acs.cgd.0c01427
Uncontrolled keywords: Salts, Crystallization, Solvents, Solubility, Pharmaceuticals
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Signature Themes: Future Human
Depositing User: Vivek Trivedi
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 08:57 UTC
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 00:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/88772 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Trivedi, Vivek: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9304-9214
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