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Vestiges of the Bacterial Signal Recognition Particle-Based Protein Targeting in Mitochondria

Pyrih, Jan, Pánek, Tomáš, Durante, Ignacio Miguel, Rašková, Vendula, Cimrhanzlová, Kristýna, Kriegová, Eva, Tsaousis, Anastasios D., Eliáš, Marek, Lukeš, Julius (2021) Vestiges of the Bacterial Signal Recognition Particle-Based Protein Targeting in Mitochondria. Molecular Biology and Evolution, . ISSN 0737-4038. E-ISSN 1537-1719. (doi:10.1093/molbev/msab090) (KAR id:88347)

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The main bacterial pathway for inserting proteins into the plasma membrane relies on the signal recognition particle (SRP), composed of the Ffh protein and an associated RNA component, and the SRP-docking protein FtsY. Eukaryotes use an equivalent system of archaeal origin to deliver proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas a bacteria-derived SRP and FtsY function in the plastid. Here we report on the presence of homologs of the bacterial Ffh and FtsY proteins in various unrelated plastid-lacking unicellular eukaryotes, namely Heterolobosea, Alveida, Goniomonas, and Hemimastigophora. The monophyly of novel eukaryotic Ffh and FtsY groups, predicted mitochondrial localization experimentally confirmed for Naegleria gruberi, and a strong alphaproteobacterial affinity of the Ffh group, collectively suggest that they constitute parts of an ancestral mitochondrial signal peptide-based protein-targeting system inherited from the last eukaryotic common ancestor, but lost from the majority of extant eukaryotes. The ability of putative signal peptides, predicted in a subset of mitochondrial-encoded N. gruberi proteins, to target a reporter fluorescent protein into the endoplasmic reticulum of Trypanosoma brucei, likely through their interaction with the cytosolic SRP, provided further support for this notion. We also illustrate that known mitochondrial ribosome-interacting proteins implicated in membrane protein targeting in opisthokonts (Mba1, Mdm38, and Mrx15) are broadly conserved in eukaryotes and nonredundant with the mitochondrial SRP system. Finally, we identified a novel mitochondrial protein (MAP67) present in diverse eukaryotes and related to the signal peptide-binding domain of Ffh, which may well be a hitherto unrecognized component of the mitochondrial membrane protein-targeting machinery.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/molbev/msab090
Uncontrolled keywords: evolution, Ffh, FtsY, LECA, mitochondrion, protein targeting, protists, signal recognition particle
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
Depositing User: Anastasios Tsaousis
Date Deposited: 24 May 2021 18:39 UTC
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 23:12 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Tsaousis, Anastasios D.:
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