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Stock Market and Its Determinants: Three Empirical Studies

Hosseini, Seyedmehdi (2021) Stock Market and Its Determinants: Three Empirical Studies. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.88049) (KAR id:88049)


This thesis consists of three empirical studies on what drives stock market dynamics. The first empirical study explores the effect of crude oil price changes on the stock market returns of oil-exporting countries and oil-importing countries as well as those of a number of global stock indices. Using the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) approach as well as the more robust Quantile Regression (QR) approach to explore the relationship between crude oil and stock market dynamics. The empirical findings suggest that the QR approach provides further insights compared to the OLS approach. For instance, the QR approach is able to identify specific quantiles where a significant relation exists. In particular crude oil price increases tend to have a negative impact on the stock market returns for some oil-exporting countries (such as Mexico, Iraq, Ecuador, and Venezuela) and a positive effect for other oil-exporting countries (such as Brazil and Algeria). However, the OLS approach suggests that these relationships are insignificant at the level of the mean. Overall, the empirical findings confirm that the QR approach can reveal more information about the relationship between crude oil price changes and stock market return across different quantiles of their distribution.The second study explores the extent to which implied volatility extracted from commodity markets and developed stock markets can predict the implied volatility of stock markets in BRICS countries. Using daily data from 2011 to 2016 and employing the newly developed Bayesian Graphical Vector Autoregressive (BGVAR) model of Ahelegbey et al. (2016) which does not suffer from over-parameterization and the identification problems associated with traditional VAR frameworks, this study finds that implied volatilities extracted from global and regional stock markets have a significant predictive power over the implied volatilities in BRICS stock markets. However, the predictive power of implied volatility from commodity markets are significant only in the case of South Africa.The third empirical study analyses the relationship between illiquidity and stock market returns in the G7 and BRICS countries. More specifically, this study explore the extent to which the Amihud (2002) illiquidity measure can improve the explanatory power of three commonly used asset pricing models, namely the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), the Fama-French three-factor model and the Carhart four-factor model. The empirical analysis is based on 15 years of monthly data on the returns of seven stock portfolios: 100 largest companies (Largest100), small value (S/V), small neutral (S/N), small growth (S/G) stocks, big value (B/V) stocks, big neutral (B/N) stocks, and big growth (B/G) stocks. The findings suggest that incorporating illiquidity as an additional factor results in a significant improvement in the explanatory power of these asset pricing models across several of the sample countries (8 countries in the case of the CAPM and Carhart four-factor model, and 6 countries in the case of the Fama-French three-factor model). For example, in the US adding illiquidity to the CAPM leads to an increase of the goodness of fit by 2.6% in the B/V portfolio, and for the Fama-French three-factor model the goodness of fit increases by up to 3% in all portfolios Moreover, the goodness of fit increases in all portfolios in the US by adding illiquidity to the Carhart four-factor model, with an up to 36% increase in the B/N portfolio.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Voukelatos, Dr Nikolaos
Thesis advisor: Morelli, Dr. David
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.88049
Uncontrolled keywords: Stock Market Determinants, Oil Price, Implied Volatility, and Illiquidity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Accounting and Finance
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 11 May 2021 15:10 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Hosseini, Seyedmehdi.

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