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Pop-Up Stretchable Sensor Designs Using Multiphysics Modeliing

Soltani, Shaghayegh (2021) Pop-Up Stretchable Sensor Designs Using Multiphysics Modeliing. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.87964) (KAR id:87964)

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Stretchable electronic devices are critical for the future of wearable sensor technology, where existing rigid and non-flexible devices severely limit the applicability of them in many areas. Stretchable electronics extend flexible electronics one step further by introducing significant elastic deformation. Stretchable electronics can conform to curvy geometries like human skin which enables new applications such as fully wearable electronics whose properties can be tuned through mechanical deformation. Much of the effort in stretchable electronics has focused on investigation of the optimum fabrication method to make a trade-off between the manufacturing cost and acceptable performance. Here in this thesis a novel pop-up strain sensor design is introduced and tested.This technique is simple to use and can be applied to almost all available materials such as metals, dielectrics, semiconductors and different scales from centi-meter to nanoscale. Using this method three main electronic devices have been designed for different applications. The first category is pop-up antennas that are able to reconfigure their frequency response with respect to the mechanical deformation by out of plane displacement. The second category is pop-up frequency selective surface which similarly can change its frequency behaviour due to applied strain. This ability to accommodate the applied stress by three-dimensional (3D) deformation, making these devices ideal for strain sensing applications such as vapor sensing or on skin mountable sensors. Using the advantage of RFID technology in terms of wireless monitoring, the third category has been introduced which is a pop-up capacitor sensor integrating with an RFID chip to detect finger joint bending that can help those patients who are recovering after stroke. The proposed devices have been modelled using COMSOL Multiphysics and Extensive evaluations of the prototype system were conducted on purpose-built laboratory scale test rigs. Both results are in good correlation which makes them applicable for sensing purposes.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Batchelor, John C
Thesis advisor: Horne, Robert J
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.87964
Uncontrolled keywords: Pop-up, stretchable sensor, strain sensor, Antenna, Frequency Selective Surface
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 13:10 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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