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Uncovering opportunities for effective species conservation banking requires navigating technical and practical complexities

White, Thomas, Bull, Joseph, Toombs, Theodore, Knight, Andrew T. (2021) Uncovering opportunities for effective species conservation banking requires navigating technical and practical complexities. Conservation Science and Practice, 3 (7). Article Number e431. ISSN 2578-4854. (doi:10.1111/csp2.431) (KAR id:87493)

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Abstract

In the USA, Species Conservation Banking is a prominent example of compensatory biodiversity impact mitigation, with an annual market value estimated at US$354.2 million. Species Conservation Banking represents a useful case study of a well-established program that can provide empirical insights into the practicalities of implementing quantitative compensatory biodiversity mitigation on-the-ground. Using semi-structured key-informant interviews structured around well-established technical challenges to compensatory mitigation, this study aimed to understand (i) how and why these challenges are or are not addressed in practice; and (ii) how these challenges relate to practical challenges faced by conservation banking stakeholders on-the-ground. Challenges identified included: (i) defining trading currencies and equivalence, (ii) regulatory and political uncertainty, (iii) regulatory agency capacity, will and knowledge, (iv) lack of policies, standards, and competition with other mitigation mechanisms, (v) long-term uncertainty/longevity, and (vi) lack of species knowledge and data transparency. These challenges are numerous, diverse, interlinked and transdisciplinary, and collectively inhibit the ability of practitioners to resolve underlying technical challenges—a finding likely applicable to related biodiversity offset programs. To help address challenges and navigate this complexity, we formulate several recommendations for conservation banking stakeholders to improve the chances of beneficial biodiversity outcomes being achieved.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/csp2.431
Uncontrolled keywords: biodiversity offsets, compensatory mitigation, endangered species act, listed species, mitigation hierarchy, no net loss
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Signature Themes: Food Systems, Natural Resources and Environment
Depositing User: Joseph Bull
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2021 19:24 UTC
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2021 08:44 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/87493 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bull, Joseph: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7337-8977
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