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AK bullet (7.62 × 39 mm) holes on 1-mm sheet metal: A forensic-related study in aid of bullet trajectory reconstruction

Nishshanka, Bandula, Shepherd, Chris (2021) AK bullet (7.62 × 39 mm) holes on 1-mm sheet metal: A forensic-related study in aid of bullet trajectory reconstruction. Journal of Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 66 (4). pp. 1276-1284. ISSN 0022-1198. (doi:10.1111/1556-4029.14717) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:87206)

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https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14717

Abstract

Bullet holes play a major role in the trajectory determination of fired bullets, potentially suggesting where the shots were fired from. Few methods are currently employed to estimate the angles of incidence of fired bullets using bullet holes. The literature has stressed that knowledge about the impact behavior of the specific bullet–substrate interfaces, including the most viable method for estimating the angle of incidence of that combination, requires empirical testing to enable successful analysis. The perforating bullet hole characteristics of AK bullets fired into 1-mm sheet metal over a range of angles of incidence have been documented in this study to aid bullet trajectory determination. A strong inverse relationship has been demonstrated between particular impact mark dimensions and the angles of incidence, revealing the possibility of using these dimensions to predict the angles of incidence for AK bullets perforating 1-mm sheet metal in actual crime scenes. This study has further confirmed the existence of a recently reported phenomenon for impacts related to this projectile–substrate combination, the “double-headed impact mark,” and relationships with the angles of incidence of fired AK bullets. While suggesting an alternative and confirmative new method to understand the angles of incidence of fired AK bullets in 1-mm sheet metal using measured bullet defects, the study highlights a complex deviation phenomenon and a potential error that could occur when determining bullet trajectories using probing, stringing, or laser methods for the impact conditions described.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/1556-4029.14717
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
U Military Science > U Military Science (General)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Chris Shepherd
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2021 18:51 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2021 16:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/87206 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Nishshanka, Bandula: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0704-8448
Shepherd, Chris: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9294-4791
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