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A Global View on Star Formation: The GLOSTAR Galactic Plane Survey: II Supernova Remnants in the first quadrant of the Milky Way

Dokara, Rohit, Brunthaler, A., Menten, K.M., Dzib, S.A., Reich, W., Cotton, W.D., Anderson, L.D., Chen, C.H.R., Gong, Y., Medina, S.-N.X., and others. (2021) A Global View on Star Formation: The GLOSTAR Galactic Plane Survey: II Supernova Remnants in the first quadrant of the Milky Way. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 651 . Article Number A86. ISSN 0004-6361. E-ISSN 1432-0746. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202039873) (KAR id:87176)

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Context. The properties of the population of the Galactic Supernova Remnants (SNRs) are essential to our understanding of the dynamics of the Milky Way’s interstellar medium (ISM). However, the completeness of the catalog of Galactic SNRs is expected to be only ∼30%, with on order 700 SNRs yet to be detected. Deep interferometric radio continuum surveys of the Galactic plane help in rectifying this apparent deficiency by identifying low surface brightness SNRs and compact SNRs that have not been detected in previous surveys. However, SNRs are routinely confused with H ii regions, which can have similar radio morphologies. Radio spectral index, polarization, and emission at mid-infrared (MIR) wavelengths can help distinguish between SNRs and H ii regions. Aims. We aim to identify SNR candidates using continuum emission from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Global view of the Star formation in the Milky Way (GLOSTAR) survey. Methods. GLOSTAR is a C-band (4–8 GHz) radio wavelength survey of the Galactic plane covering 358◦ ≤ l ≤ 60◦, |b| ≤ 1◦. The continuum images from this survey that resulted from observations in the array’s most compact configuration have an angular resolution of 18″. We searched for SNRs in these images to identify known SNRs, previously-identified SNR candidates and new SNR candidates. We study these objects in MIR surveys and the GLOSTAR polarization data to classify their emission as thermal or nonthermal. Results. We identify 157 SNR candidates, out of which 80 are new. Polarization measurements provide evidence of nonthermal emission from 9 of these candidates. We find that two previously identified candidates are filaments. We also detect emission from 91 out of 94 known SNRs in the survey region. Four of these are reclassified as H ii regions following detection in MIR surveys. Conclusions. The better sensitivity and resolution of the GLOSTAR data have led to the identification of 157 SNR candidates, along with the reclassification of several misidentified objects. We show that the polarization measurements can identify nonthermal emission, despite the diffuse Galactic synchrotron emission. These results underscore the importance of higher resolution and higher sensitivity radio continuum data in identifying and confirming SNRs.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039873
Uncontrolled keywords: ISM: supernova remnants – Radio continuum: ISM – polarization – ISM: H ii regions – surveys
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: James Urquhart
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 14:28 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2023 13:05 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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