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Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies

Eriksson, Kimmo, Strimling, Pontus, Gelfand, Michele, Wu, Junhui, Abernathy, Jered, Akotia, Charity S., Aldashev, Alisher, Andersson, Per A., Andrighetto, Giulia, Anum, Adote, and others. (2021) Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies. Nature Communications, 12 (1). Article Number 1481. ISSN 2041-1723. (doi:10.1038/s41467-021-21602-9) (KAR id:87031)

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Official URL:
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-21602-9

Abstract

Norm enforcement may be important for resolving conflicts and promoting cooperation. However, little is known about how preferred responses to norm violations vary across cultures and across domains. In a preregistered study of 57 countries (using convenience samples of 22,863 students and non-students), we measured perceptions of the appropriateness of various responses to a violation of a cooperative norm and to atypical social behaviors. Our findings highlight both cultural universals and cultural variation. We find a universal negative relation between appropriateness ratings of norm violations and appropriateness ratings of responses in the form of confrontation, social ostracism and gossip. Moreover, we find the country variation in the appropriateness of sanctions to be consistent across different norm violations but not across different sanctions. Specifically, in those countries where use of physical confrontation and social ostracism is rated as less appropriate, gossip is rated as more appropriate.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41467-021-21602-9
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Tim Hopthrow
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 10:30 UTC
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 10:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/87031 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Hopthrow, Tim: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2331-7150
Imada, Hirotaka: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3604-4155
Travaglino, Giovanni A.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4091-0634
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