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The role of the neuregulins in the nucleus

Wang, Ming (2011) The role of the neuregulins in the nucleus. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86438) (KAR id:86438)


The neuregulins (NRGs) are ligands for receptor tyrosine kinases of the ErbB family. The NRG gene family consists of four members, NRG 1- 4 encoding different isoforms due to alternative splicing. NRG signalling has been implicated in normal development and in the pathology of many diseases. Using immunohistochemical staining of tissue arrays, we detected that NRG 1 a and 1 ~ localised to the cell nuclei of a range of normal and human cancer tissues. The ~3 isoform of NRG 1 localised to two subnuclear compartments: nucleoli and spliceosomes. We tagged NRG 1 ~3 with photoactivateable GFP and demonstrated that the fusion protein re-Iocalised from nucleoli to spliceosomes over a ninety minute period. Using wild type NRG 1 ~3 and its two mutants which localised exclusively to spliceosomes or to nuc1eoH, we explored the possible functions

of intranuclear NRG 1 ~3 in each of these compartments separately. We showed using an array capable of detecting 42 receptor tyrosine kinases that wild type NRG 1 and a mutant exclusively local ising to spliceosomes increased phosphorylation and/or expression of the ErbB4 and ErbB2 receptors. Using a transcriptomic analysis the same two constructs induced expression of messenger RNA of Heat Shock Protein 70B' and

we confirmed its increased expression at the protein level using western blot analysis.

This data supports the hypothesis that intranuclear NRGs could activate receptor signalling and alter gene expression when localised in spliceosomes.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86438
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 09 February 2021 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: neuregulins; spliceosomes
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology (Living systems)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 17:00 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2022 15:10 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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