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Continuity and Change in a Mid-Victorian Resort: Ramsgate, 1851-1871

Holmes, R. S (1977) Continuity and Change in a Mid-Victorian Resort: Ramsgate, 1851-1871. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86365) (KAR id:86365)


Using linked information from the census enumerators' books of 1851 and 1871, and rate books, the thesis examines processes and spatial patterns in Ramsgate during the mid-Victorian period. Socio-economic structure is examined in terms of family, household,

housing, occupation and class. Stability over the period is shown to be clearly evident, not only with respect to individual variables, but also with respect to the relationships between them. It is shown that rateable values are the best single indicator of status available, and

also that the life cycle operated independently of other variables. Residential mobility is examined using birthplaces and rate book material. The main currents of in-migration are shown to have been relatively constant and several of Ravenstein's laws of migration are

demonstrated as having been in operation. Very high turnover rates are revealed, however, and it is shown that the persistency rates were in inverse proportion to the poverty of a district. Spatial patterns are examined by computer mapping techniques (SYMVU)

based on three hectare grid squares, over 98% of the houses having been previously identified on contemporary maps. Several additional relationships are revealed. Segregation is further examined using a correlation matrix between 44 variables calculated on a street basis, and segregation indices. It is shown that segregation tended to increase over the period, caused by persons in Classes I and II seeking more exclusive locations. The final chapter attempts to resolve the dichotomy of a town 80 stable in overall structure yet so fluid in terms of its population. Possible future research avenues are then outlined.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86365
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 09 February 2021 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: History; Victorian period
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > School of History
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 16:54 UTC
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2022 12:58 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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