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Human-elephant conflict in areas adjacent to the Tsavo National Parks, Kenya

Kasiki, Samuel M. (1998) Human-elephant conflict in areas adjacent to the Tsavo National Parks, Kenya. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86029) (KAR id:86029)

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This thesis investigates the issue of human-elephant conflict in the Tsavo ecosystem, which has the largest single population of elephants in Kenya. In the Tsavo ecosystem elephants that move out of the Tsavo National Parks became 'problem elephants' as they damage crops, kill people and threaten human life. In addition the presence of elephants in settled areas causes fear and insecurity. Many factors determined the intensity of human-elephant conflict in Tsavo, but five of these were the most significant. These were human population density, percentage of land under cultivation, type of land ownership, fencing and the type of natural vegetation. Conflict was highest on private ownership small holdings with permanent water and wooded bushland type of natural vegetation.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Leader-Williams, Nigel
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.86029
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 09 February 2021 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: Ecology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 16:25 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2022 11:15 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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