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Interdependence, ethnicity and anti-apartheid : the case of TransAfrica

Tidwell, Alan C (1989) Interdependence, ethnicity and anti-apartheid : the case of TransAfrica. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.85954) (KAR id:85954)


This work examines the interaction between the variables of interdependence and ethnicity in the context of American anti-apartheid. As a focus of this work the anti-apartheid group TransAfrica is examined, its connections to other anti-apartheid groups both inside and outside the US, its relationships with other nonanti-apartheid groups, and various state actors. The work provides an examination of the rise of black American political structures within the context of anti-apartheid and it is argued that it is due to the rise of black American political power that there is a considerable black American presence in the anti-apartheid environment. Furthermore, it is argued that black Americans are present in anti-apartheid because of 1) long standing historical trends within black America, 2) the nature of Pan-Africanism, 3) the relative lack of consensus within the black American political community over domestic US issues, and 4) the level of interdependence between black Americans and other members of the African diaspora. As a central theme of this thesis is the claim that black Americans possess real, legitimate, and long standing foreign policy interests that are as important as any domestic concern that that group may have possessed. In order to demonstrate this argument the thesis contains the following chapters: 1) outline of the theoretical framework that describes the interaction between interdependence, ethnicity and anti-apartheid, 2) the history of black American political structures, 3) the conflict in southern Africa, which provides a backdrop against which TransAfrica's actions are measured, 4) the basic elements of TransAfrica, including its funding, issues structure and membership, as well as many of its more prominent actions, 5) examples of TransAfrica as a transnational actor, and 6) a concluding chapter which outlines the illustration that TransAfrica is indeed a transnational actor, which seeks to further the interests of black America by influencing the making of US foreign policy.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.85954
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 09 February 2021 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: American anti-apartheid
Subjects: J Political Science > JQ Political institutions and public administrations (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 16:22 UTC
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2022 11:59 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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