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SARS-CoV-2 evolution during treatment of chronic infection

Kemp, Steven A., Collier, Dami A., Datir, Rawlings P., Ferreira, Isabella A. T. M., Gayed, Salma, Jahun, Aminu, Hosmillo, Myra, Rees-Spear, Chloe, Mlcochova, Petra, Lumb, Ines Ushiro, and others. (2021) SARS-CoV-2 evolution during treatment of chronic infection. Nature, . pp. 1-22. ISSN 0028-0836. (doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03291-y) (KAR id:85933)

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03291-y

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein is critical for virus infection via engagement of ACE21, and is a major antibody target. Here we report chronic SARS-CoV-2 with reduced sensitivity to neutralising antibodies in an immune suppressed individual treated with convalescent plasma, generating whole genome ultradeep sequences over 23 time points spanning 101 days. Little change was observed in the overall viral population structure following two courses of remdesivir over the first 57 days. However, following convalescent plasma therapy we observed large, dynamic virus population shifts, with the emergence of a dominant viral strain bearing D796H in S2 and ΔH69/ΔV70 in the S1 N-terminal domain NTD of the Spike protein. As passively transferred serum antibodies diminished, viruses with the escape genotype diminished in frequency, before returning during a final, unsuccessful course of convalescent plasma. In vitro, the Spike escape double mutant bearing ΔH69/ΔV70 and D796H conferred modestly decreased sensitivity to convalescent plasma, whilst maintaining infectivity similar to wild type. D796H appeared to be the main contributor to decreased susceptibility but incurred an infectivity defect. The ΔH69/ΔV70 single mutant had two-fold higher infectivity compared to wild type, possibly compensating for the reduced infectivity of D796H. These data reveal strong selection on SARS-CoV-2 during convalescent plasma therapy associated with emergence of viral variants with evidence of reduced susceptibility to neutralising antibodies.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41586-021-03291-y
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Nigel Temperton
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2021 10:20 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:18 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/85933 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Temperton, Nigel J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7978-3815
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