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Artisanal and small-scale mining, and COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa: A preliminary analysis

Hilson, Gavin, Van Bockstael, Steven, Sauerwein, Titus, Hilson, Abigail, McQuilken, James (2020) Artisanal and small-scale mining, and COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa: A preliminary analysis. World Development, 139 . Article Number 105315. ISSN 0305-750X. (doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105315) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:85610)

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Abstract

This article offers preliminary reflections on the potential impact of COVID-19 on artisanal and smallscale mining (ASM) activities – low-tech, labor-intensive mineral extraction and processing – in subSaharan Africa. In doing so, it revisits the core ideas put forward in the literature in support of showcasing the sector more prominently in the region’s rural development strategies. For decades, scholars have been gathering evidence that points to ASM being the most important rural nonfarm activity in sub-Saharan

Africa, as well as how, in providing a supplementary source of income, the sector helps millions of the region’s impoverished farm-dependent families cope with unexpected economic stresses and shocks. Sub-Saharan Africa has managed to avoid high numbers of COVID-19 infections and deaths thus far but it has already felt the economic impacts of the pandemic, perhaps nowhere more than in its remote rural areas, which are already poverty-stricken and produce food at mostly subsistence levels. Intensifying support for ASM, an economic activity which again, many rural Africans are already involved in and familiar with the benefits it provides, in rural development and adaptation plans linked to COVID19, should be prioritized by the region’s governments and donors. Findings from ongoing research in Mali, Liberia and Ghana – the locations of three of the largest and most dynamic ASM economies in sub-Saharan Africa – reveal that despite its proven ability to stabilize and catalyze development in the region’s rural economies, that even this sector has been affected by COVID-19. They more importantly shed light on how the pandemic has impacted ASM-dependent communities, and importantly, offer clues on how to make the sector more robust and better position it to steer rural communities through the crisis.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105315
Uncontrolled keywords: COVID-19, Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), Sub-Saharan Africa, Livelihoods
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Accounting and Finance
Signature Themes: Food Systems, Natural Resources and Environment, Future Human
Depositing User: Abby Hilson
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 00:35 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2021 15:46 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/85610 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Hilson, Abigail: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0785-6894
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