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Open Hearts, Open Minds: Trust, Confidence and Security Building in Northeast Asia

Miall, Hugh, Shibata, Ria (2020) Open Hearts, Open Minds: Trust, Confidence and Security Building in Northeast Asia. Journal of Peace and Nuclear Disarmament, 3 (2). pp. 366-384. ISSN 2575-1654. E-ISSN 2575-1654. (doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31822cb0d2) (KAR id:85361)

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The East Asian peace has lasted since 1979, but regional and global rivalries, unresolved historical grievances, and new nuclear weapons threaten its continuation. In order to reduce these risks, confidence-building measures and crisis management mechanisms are needed. How can the states in Northeast Asia develop such measures, given their high level of mutual distrust? Should confidence-building measures come first, or does confidence-building depend on prior trust-building? This paper explores insights from the academic literature on trust, highlighting the role of trust entrepreneurs, who are willing to open their minds to the possibility of new relationships. Five steps are identified which can lead away from mistrust. The first is to replace enemy images with a recognition of a shared security dilemma. The second is to signal a willingness for change. The third is to persist even when signals are not returned. The fourth is to enter dialogue. The fifth is to pursue steps that embed further cooperation.This approach is applied to confidence-building, trust-building, and security building in Northeast Asia. A pathway forward is sketched, starting with confidence building between the two Koreas, leading on to a peace treaty, a nuclear weapon free zone, and co-operative security arrangements in the region.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31822cb0d2
Uncontrolled keywords: Trust, confidence-building, East Asian peace, East Asian security, nuclear free zone
Subjects: J Political Science > JQ Political institutions and public administrations (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Hugh Miall
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2021 19:38 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2022 23:12 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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