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Developing a clinical pathway to identify and manage cognitive problems in Multiple Sclerosis: Qualitative findings from patients, family members, charity volunteers, clinicians and healthcare commissioners

Smith, Laura, Elwick, Hannah, Mhizha-Murira, Jacqueline, Topcu, Gogem, Bale, Clare, Evangelou, Nikos, Timmons, Stephen, Leighton, Paul, das Nair, Roshan (2020) Developing a clinical pathway to identify and manage cognitive problems in Multiple Sclerosis: Qualitative findings from patients, family members, charity volunteers, clinicians and healthcare commissioners. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, . Article Number 102563. ISSN 2211-0348. (doi:10.1016/j.msard.2020.102563) (KAR id:85298)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2020.102563

Abstract

Background: Cognitive problems are a common and debilitating symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Screening and treatment for cognitive problems are recommended, however these are not routinely delivered in UK clinics.

We collected and synthesised stakeholder perspectives to develop a care pathway for cognitive problems in MS and produce a logic model, illustrating how this pathway might operate.

Methods: Forty-nine stakeholders, including people with MS and care providers, participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Participants viewed information that illustrated how the pathway might work and provided feedback. Data, transcribed verbatim and analysed using Framework Analysis, were mapped onto a preliminary logic model and accompanying thematic framework.

Results: The proposed pathway was perceived as helpful in providing standardised support for a neglected MS symptom. Training packages, online cognitive screening, and triaging decisions were viewed as crucial activities. Shared responsibility, a person-centred approach, and addressing the complexity of cognitive problems were important engagement mechanisms. Allocating time during clinic appointments and within staff workloads were essential resources for implementation.

Conclusion: Our co-constructed MS cognitive screening and management pathway will be evaluated for clinical and cost-effectiveness in a trial. However, in the interim, clinicians can adapt and implement this pathway in their own services and evaluate it locally.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.msard.2020.102563
Projects: [UNSPECIFIED] Neuropsychological Evaluation and Rehabilitation in Multiple Sclerosis
Uncontrolled keywords: Multiple sclerosis; stakeholder perspective; cognitive screening; cognitive management; pathway; qualitative
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Laura Smith
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2021 14:06 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:17 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/85298 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Smith, Laura: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3275-1530
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