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How Do Ethnic Militias Perpetuate in Nigeria? A Micro-level Perspective on the Oodua People’s Congress

Guichaoua, Yvan (2010) How Do Ethnic Militias Perpetuate in Nigeria? A Micro-level Perspective on the Oodua People’s Congress. World Development, 38 (11). pp. 1657-1666. ISSN 0305-750X. (doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.03.004) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:84761)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.03.004

Abstract

The paper discusses the recently promoted view that organized insurgent violence should either be conducted by activists bonded together by social capital ties or self-interested quasi-mercenaries, depending on the type of financial resources available to the group. We contrast this perspective with the study of an ethnic Nigerian militia, the Oodua People’s Congress (OPC). It appears that the success of this militia over time was jointly sustained by important preexisting social connections and numerous opportunities for economic gains. The perpetuation of OPC, we argue, is ensured by a “moral economy” whose members enjoy self-insurance in an environment perceived as unsafe.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.03.004
Uncontrolled keywords: militias, violent mobilization, extra-legal governance, security, Africa, Nigeria
Subjects: J Political Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Yvan Guichaoua
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2020 14:30 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:27 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/84761 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Guichaoua, Yvan: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2403-5967
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