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Is Son Preference Disappearing from Bangladesh?

Asadullah, M. Niaz, Mansoor, Nazia, Tandazzo, Teresa, Wahhaj, Zaki (2021) Is Son Preference Disappearing from Bangladesh? World Development, 140 . ISSN 0305-750X. (doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105353) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:84760)

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Abstract

Historically, son preference has been widely prevalent in South Asia, manifested in the form of skewed sex ratios, gender differentials in child mortality, and worse educational investments in daughters versus sons. In the present study, we show, using data from a purposefully designed nationally representative survey for Bangladesh, that among women of childbearing age, son bias in stated fertility preferences has weakened and there is an emerging preference for gender balance. We examine a number of different hypotheses for the decline in son preference, including the increasing availability of female employment in the manufacturing sector, increased female education, and the decline of joint family living. Using survival analysis, we show that in contrast to stated fertility preferences, actual fertility decisions are still shaped by son preference.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105353
Uncontrolled keywords: fertility; gender bias; birth spacing; female employment; Bangladesh
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics > Development Economics Research Centre
Depositing User: Zaki Wahhaj
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 17:59 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2021 11:53 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/84760 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Asadullah, M. Niaz: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8047-5548
Tandazzo, Teresa: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7524-9191
Wahhaj, Zaki: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8285-7670
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