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Trio-Connectivity for Efficient Uplink Performance in Future Mobile HetNets

Mahbas, Ali Jabbar, Zhu, Huiling, Wang, Jiangzhou (2020) Trio-Connectivity for Efficient Uplink Performance in Future Mobile HetNets. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 69 (12). pp. 15706-15719. ISSN 0018-9545. (doi:10.1109/TVT.2020.3032389) (KAR id:84626)


The technical challenges, e.g. the mobility management and the offloading process, hinder the conventional cellular systems to meet the huge data traffic requirements of the next generation mobile communications. The traditional system (e.g dual-connectivity (DC)) has been proposed to improve the mobility management, however, it will inherit the big trade-off in the offloading process between the energy consumption for the small cell (SC) discovery (SCD) process and the efficiency of utilizing the system resources (e.g. frequency and signaling). In this paper, we present a framework to model the potential offloading opportunities as well as the offloading loss when a typical user equipment (UE) performs the inter-frequency (IRF) scan periodically. The proposed framework also studies the impact of the SCD on the energy efficiency. To improve the system performance and reduce the power consumption at the UEs, a new scheme, trio-connectivity (TC), is proposed in this paper to tackle the aforementioned challenges. The TC includes three planes: control-plane (C-plane), user-plane (U-plane) and indication-plane (I-plane). The I-plane works as an indicator to help the UE to identify and discover the SCs in the system prior to offloading. The role of the I-plane is to keep the SCD on one frequency channel regardless of the number of frequency channels in the system. In the proposed offloading mechanism, some of the energy consumption is transferred from the UE to the network. By using the proposed framework, UE energy efficiency and system energy efficiency as well as the total energy consumption are derived as performance metrics to compare between the TC and the DC. The results show that the TC can outperform the DC in dense cellular systems.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1109/TVT.2020.3032389
Uncontrolled keywords: Energy consumption, System performance, Interference, Measurement, Signal to noise ratio, Stochastic processes, Geometry
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > TK5101 Telecommunications
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: Huiling Zhu
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2022 00:17 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 10:17 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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