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Diaspora Policies, Consular Services and Social Protection for German Citizens Abroad

Klekowski von Koppenfels, Amanda (2020) Diaspora Policies, Consular Services and Social Protection for German Citizens Abroad. In: Lafleur, Jean-Michel and Vintila, Daniela, eds. Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond. IMISCOE Research Series, 2 . Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 207-226. ISBN 978-3-030-51244-6. E-ISBN 978-3-030-51245-3. (doi:10.1007/978-3-030-51245-3_12) (KAR id:84588)


This chapter presents an overview of German policies vis-à-vis German nationals living abroad. For the most part, the German Government does not reach out to or encourage engagement from or with German nationals living abroad. This is in contrast to a concerted cultural outreach to ethno-national German minorities in Central and Eastern Europe. Rights in Germany are largely residence-based, and access to rights is thus associated with (legal) residence in Germany, rather than with holding German citizenship. There are two clear exceptions: one is a robust system that enables voting from abroad for German citizens, and the other is facilitated access from abroad to pensions for years worked in Germany. With respect to other measures of social protections, no clear policy can be said to exist. Access to other forms of social protection is on the basis of exception, with consular officials exercising discretion in such cases.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-3-030-51245-3_12
Subjects: H Social Sciences
J Political Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2020 22:00 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:16 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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Klekowski von Koppenfels, Amanda.

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