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A decade and a half of learning from Madagascar’s first locally managed marine area

Gardner, Charlie J., Cripps, Garth, Premesnil Day, Liz, Dewar, Katrina, Gough, Charlotte, Peabody, Shawn, Tahindraza, Gilde, Harris, Alasdair (2020) A decade and a half of learning from Madagascar’s first locally managed marine area. Conservation Science and Practice, . Article Number e298. ISSN 2578-4854. (doi:10.1111/csp2.298) (KAR id:84289)

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Abstract

While the participatory management of small scale fisheries has been widely promoted, we have limited understanding of the factors influencing its effectiveness. Here, we highlight lessons learnt from the implementation of Madagascar’s first locally managed marine area (LMMA), drawing on our insights and experiences as staff of a co-managing non-governmental organisation (NGO). We describe the LMMA’s context and history, and highlight aspects of our approach that we feel underpin its outcomes, including: i) co-management rather than community-management, ii) the permanent field presence of a supporting NGO, iii) a management focus on locally-important natural resources, iv) the implementation of poverty-alleviation initiatives aimed at reducing barriers to management, v) decision-making by resource users rather than scientists, vi) a diversified, entrepreneurial funding model, and vii) an emphasis on monitoring and adaptive management. We also highlight several challenges, including: i) the inability to influence fishery supply chains, ii) promoting participation and good governance, iii) promoting rule application, iv) standing up to outsiders, v) promoting environmental management in the long term, and vi) maintaining funding. Our experiences suggest that small scale fishers can be effective natural resource managers in low income contexts, but may need extended support from outsiders; however the role of supporting NGO is nuanced and complex.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/csp2.298
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Signature Themes: Food Systems, Natural Resources and Environment
Depositing User: Charlie Gardner
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2020 22:49 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/84289 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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