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The morphology of the Late Pleistocene hominin remains from the site of La Cotte de St Brelade, Jersey

Compton, T., Skinner, Matthew M., Humphrey, L., Pope, M., Bates, M., Davies, Thomas W., Plummer, W.P., Scott, B., Shaw, A., Stringer, Chris and others. (2021) The morphology of the Late Pleistocene hominin remains from the site of La Cotte de St Brelade, Jersey. Journal of Human Evolution, 152 . Article Number 102939. ISSN 0047-2484. (doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2020.102939) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:84091)

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Abstract

Thirteen permanent fully-erupted teeth were excavated at the Paleolithic site of La Cotte de St Brelade in Jersey in 1910 and 1911. These were all found in the same location, on a ledge behind a hearth in a Mousterian occupation level. They were originally identified as being Neanderthal. A fragment of occipital bone was found in a later season. Recent dating of adjacent sediments gives a probable age of <48 ka. The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated description of the morphology of this material, and consider its likely taxonomic assignment from comparison with Neanderthal and Homo sapiens samples. One of the original teeth has been lost and we identify one as non-hominin. At least two adult individuals are represented. Cervix shape and the absence of common Neanderthal traits in several teeth suggest affinities with H. sapiens in both individuals, while crown and root dimensions and root morphology of all the teeth are entirely consistent with a Neanderthal attribution, pointing towards shared Neanderthal and H. sapiens ancestry. The likely date of this material corresponds with the time in which both Neanderthals and H. sapiens were present in Europe. The occipital fragment is stratigraphically more recent and does not exhibit any diagnostic Neanderthal features.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2020.102939
Uncontrolled keywords: Hominin teeth; Late Pleistocene; Neanderthal; European Pleistocene Homo sapiens; La Cotte de St. Brelade; Hominin morphology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Matthew Skinner
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2020 08:39 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2021 16:32 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/84091 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Skinner, Matthew M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8321-3543
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