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How peripheral was the periphery? Industrialization in East Central Europe since 1870

Klein, Alexander and Vonyo, Tamas and Schulze, Max-Stephan (2017) How peripheral was the periphery? Industrialization in East Central Europe since 1870. In: O'Rourke, Kevin and Williamson, Jeffrey, eds. The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-875364-3. (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753643.003.0004) (KAR id:83940)


This chapter explores the timing, pace, and spatial diffusion of modern industry in the former Habsburg Empire and its successor states. The regions adjacent to Western Europe, Alpine Austria, and the Czech lands shifted from proto-industrial to modern manufacturing first, followed by the western parts of Hungary. Though well advanced in the western and northwestern regions, industry diffused only slowly to the east and southeast, with profound implications for East Central European economies throughout the twentieth century. It is argued that this part of Europe stepped into the industrial age before most of the global periphery; that economic growth was mainly driven by industry from the late nineteenth century to the collapse of state socialism; and that the contribution of industry to aggregate value added was associated with a growing share of ‘modern’ manufacturing in industrial production. However, post-war interventionist policies failed to erase relative backwardness in East Central Europe.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753643.003.0004
Uncontrolled keywords: Habsburg Empire, manufacturing, economic geography, state socialism, regional inequality, economic policy, economic history
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Alexander Klein
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2020 16:55 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 15:23 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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