Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Gender and Hate Crime Protections

Duggan, Marian (2020) Gender and Hate Crime Protections. In: Ashford, Chris and Maine, Alexander, eds. Research Handbook on Gender, Sexuality and the Law. Law and Society Series . Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 315-327. ISBN 978-1-78811-114-0. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:83833)

PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of Duggan_Gender and Hate Crime Protections_Chapter Proofs.pdf]
Official URL:


This chapter addresses the socio-legal discussions around recognising gender as a discrete category of hate crime for the purposes of legal protections in England and Wales. The analyses begins with an overview of the relevant research on gender-based violence and violence against women before specifically exploring feminist perspectives to theorising and responding to such harms. The analysis then outlines the legal perimeters of hate crimes in England and Wales, making particular reference to the notion of hate crimes – and their related legal protections – as being ‘symbolic’. In viewing violence against women through a hate crimes framework, the discussion draws on key data and cases which illustrate the overlaps of gendered victimisation with other forms of hate crime. The chapter ends by invoking a range of key feminist theorists alongside which to evaluate the complexities of inclusion.

Item Type: Book section
Uncontrolled keywords: Gender; Hate Crime; Law; Misogyny; Violence
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women > HQ21 Sexual behavior and attitudes
K Law
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Marian Duggan
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2020 13:17 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:16 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.