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Secure and Precise Wireless Transmission for Random-Subcarrier-Selection-Based Directional Modulation Transmit Antenna Array

Shu, Feng, Wu, Xiaomin, Hu, Jinsong, Li, Jun, Chen, Riqing, Wang, Jiangzhou (2018) Secure and Precise Wireless Transmission for Random-Subcarrier-Selection-Based Directional Modulation Transmit Antenna Array. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 36 (4). pp. 890-904. ISSN 0733-8716. (doi:10.1109/JSAC.2018.2824231) (KAR id:83613)

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https://doi.org/10.1109/JSAC.2018.2824231

Abstract

In this paper, a practical wireless transmission scheme is proposed to transmit confidential messages to the desired user securely and precisely by the joint use of multiple techniques, including artificial noise (AN) projection, phase alignment/beamforming, and random subcarrier selection (RSCS) based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), and directional modulation (DM), namely RSCS-OFDM-DM. This RSCS-OFDM-DM scheme provides an extremely low-complexity structure for the desired receiver and makes the secure and precise wireless transmission realizable in practice. For illegal eavesdroppers, the receive power of confidential messages is so weak that their receivers cannot intercept these confidential messages successfully once it is corrupted by AN. In such a scheme, the design of phase alignment/beamforming vector and AN projection matrix depends intimately on the desired direction angle and distance. It is particularly noted that the use of RSCS leads to a significant outcome that the receive power of confidential messages mainly concentrates on the small neighboring region around the desired receiver and only small fraction of its power leaks out to the remaining large broad regions. This concept is called secure precise transmission. The probability density function of real-time receive signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR) is derived. Also, the average SINR and its tight upper bound are attained. The approximate closed-form expression for average secrecy rate is derived by analyzing the first-null positions of the SINR and clarifying the wiretap region. Simulation and analysis show that the proposed scheme actually can achieve a secure and precise wireless transmission of confidential messages in line-of-propagation channel, and the derived theoretical formula of average secrecy rate is verified to coincide with the exact results well for medium and large scale transmit antenna array or in the low and medium SNR regions.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1109/JSAC.2018.2824231
Uncontrolled keywords: Secure precise transmission, phase alignment, random-subcarrier-selection, directional modulation, SINR
Subjects: T Technology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: Jiangzhou Wang
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 10:08 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/83613 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Wang, Jiangzhou: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0881-3594
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