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Smile Pretty and Watch Your Back: Personal Safety Anxiety and Vigilance in Objectification Theory

Calogero, Rachel M., Tylka, Tracy L., Siegel, Jaclyn A., Pina, Afroditi, Roberts, Tomi-Ann (2020) Smile Pretty and Watch Your Back: Personal Safety Anxiety and Vigilance in Objectification Theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, . ISSN 0022-3514. E-ISSN 1939-1315. (doi:10.1037/pspi0000344) (KAR id:83168)

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Objectification Theory posits that everyday encounters with sexual objectification carry a diffuse nonspecific

this tenet across 5 studies and 1,665 participants using multiple methods. Study 1 (N=207) and Study 2 (N=

(PSAVS), a measure of personal safety anxiety, and provided evidence for the reliability and construct validity

women and men, and differentially mediated the relation between sexual objectification and restricted freedom

men. Study 4 (N=460) included a comprehensive test of personal safety anxiety within an expanded

and self-objectification to women’s restricted freedom of movement. Study 5 (N=474) replicated these

assessment tool for future research on safety anxiety, illuminate the real and lasting sense of threat engendered

women’s lived experiences posited in Objectification Theory.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/pspi0000344
Uncontrolled keywords: safety anxiety, sexual objectification, threat, scale validation, Objectification Theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Depositing User: Afroditi Pina
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2020 11:25 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:15 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Calogero, Rachel M.:
Pina, Afroditi:
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