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Securitisation strategies to prevent conflict diffusion in Tanzania and former Zaire

Ansorg, Nadine (2020) Securitisation strategies to prevent conflict diffusion in Tanzania and former Zaire. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, . ISSN 0258-9001. E-ISSN 1469-9397. (doi:10.1080/02589001.2020.1811211) (KAR id:83087)

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Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1080/02589001.2020.1811211

Abstract

While many studies dealing with the problem of militarised refugees analyse when and how militarised refugees lead to a diffusion of violence, it is unclear what conditions contribute to the avoidance of it. The present paper tackles this issue by linking securitisation theory to research on militarised refugees and war diffusion and thus offers new insights into the conditions of prevention of conflict diffusion. Specifically, it compares the two cases of former Zaire (now DR Congo) and Tanzania. Both countries faced an influx of refugees and refugee militarisation following the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 and the civil war in Burundi in the 1990s, though their outcomes varied in terms of regional war diffusion. The article suggests that while certain security strategies such as closure of borders and the repatriation and expulsion of refugees might be successful in preventing conflict diffusion, they often include a breach of international refugee law when preventing bona fide refugees from entering the country. Hence, communicating and cooperating with peaceful members of the refugee communities and confronting those suspected of being responsible for the violence are necessary steps to deal with this issue.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/02589001.2020.1811211
Subjects: J Political Science
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Nadine Ansorg
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2020 14:50 UTC
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 10:50 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/83087 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Ansorg, Nadine: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8527-3483
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