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Intelligence without Representation: A Historical Perspective

Jordanous, Anna (2020) Intelligence without Representation: A Historical Perspective. Systems, 8 (3). Article Number 31. E-ISSN 2079-8954. (doi:10.3390/systems8030031) (KAR id:82852)

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Official URL
https://doi.org/10.3390/systems8030031

Abstract

This paper reflects on a seminal work in the history of AI and representation: Rodney Brooks’ 1991 paper Intelligence without Representation. Brooks advocated the removal of explicit representations and engineered environments from the domain of his robotic intelligence experimentation, in favour of an evolutionary-inspired approach using layers of reactive behaviour that operated independently of each other. Brooks criticised the current progress in AI research and believed that removing complex representation from AI would help address problematic areas in modelling the mind. His belief was that we should develop artificial intelligence by being guided by evolutionary development of our own intelligence, and that his approach mirrored how our own intelligence functions. Thus the field of behaviour-based robotics emerged. This paper offers a historical analysis of Brooks’ behaviour-based robotics approach and its impact in artificial intelligence and cognitive theory at the time, as well as in modern-day approaches to AI.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3390/systems8030031
Additional information: OA journal - pls. upload publ. pdf
Uncontrolled keywords: behaviour-based robotics; representation; adaptive behaviour; evolutionary robotics
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q335 Artificial intelligence
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.17 History of computing
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA168 Systems engineering
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Computing
Depositing User: Anna Jordanous
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2020 11:19 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:14 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/82852 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Jordanous, Anna: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2076-8642
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