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Children's Counterfactual Reasoning About Causally Overdetermined Events

Nyhout, A., Henke, L., Ganea, P.A. (2017) Children's Counterfactual Reasoning About Causally Overdetermined Events. Child Development, 90 (2). pp. 610-622. ISSN 0009-3920. (doi:10.1111/cdev.12913) (KAR id:81934)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12913

Abstract

In two experiments, one hundred and sixty-two 6- to 8-year-olds were asked to reason counterfactually about events with different causal structures. All events involved overdetermined outcomes in which two different causal events led to the same outcome. In Experiment 1, children heard stories with either an ambiguous causal relation between events or causally unrelated events. Children in the causally unrelated version performed better than chance and better than those in the ambiguous condition. In Experiment 2, children heard stories in which antecedent events were causally connected or causally disconnected. Eight-year-olds performed above chance in both conditions, whereas 6-year-olds performed above chance only in the connected condition. This work provides the first evidence that children can reason counterfactually in causally overdetermined contexts by age 8. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/cdev.12913
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Child Dev. [Field not mapped to EPrints] C2 - 28782799 [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Toronto, Canada [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - University of Osnabrück, Germany [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints] M3 - Article [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: article, child, human, child development, female, male, physiology, thinking, Child, Child Development, Female, Humans, Male, Thinking
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Depositing User: Angela Nyhout
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 13:28 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 12:41 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/81934 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Nyhout, A.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3852-9527
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