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Liquid Lens with Large Focal Length Tunability Fabricated in a Polyvinyl Chloride/Dibutyl Phthalate Gel Tube

Song, Xiaomin, Zhang, Hongxia, Li, Dongyang, Jin, Qingwen, Jia, Dagong, Liu, Tiegen, Wang, Chao (2020) Liquid Lens with Large Focal Length Tunability Fabricated in a Polyvinyl Chloride/Dibutyl Phthalate Gel Tube. Langmuir, 36 (6). pp. 1430-1436. ISSN 0743-7463. (doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b03585) (KAR id:81369)

Abstract

Usually, an adaptive liquid lens only has a positive focal length, which severely limits its application in imaging and other fields. Therefore, a liquid lens consisting of polyvinyl chloride/dibutyl phthalate (PVC/DBP) gel, glycerol solution, and a glass substrate is proposed to extend the dynamic focal length range. A spherical tube is formed by the PVC/DBP gel under the effect of hydrostatic and surface tensions, which is used to restrict the glycerol solution. The PVC/DBP gel does not deform under the effect of an electric field, so the tangent line at the three-phase junction changes with the change of contact angle, which leads to an enlargement of the dynamic focal length range. At different voltage values, the proposed lens can be configured to work in three different schemes, namely, converging light, nondeflecting light, and diverging light. Here, the proposed lens has high imaging quality; the resolution is better than 114 lp/mm. A lens with a reconfigurable focal length holds great promise in diverse applications such as fluorescence detection, beam shaping, and adaptive optics.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b03585
Uncontrolled keywords: Alcohols,Contact angle,Liquids,Gels,Light
Subjects: Q Science
T Technology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: Chao Wang
Date Deposited: 26 May 2020 09:18 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 05:49 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/81369 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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