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Children and parent’s looking preferences to gender-typed objects: Evidence from eye-tracking

Spinner, Lauren, Cameron, Lindsey, Ferguson, Heather J. (2020) Children and parent’s looking preferences to gender-typed objects: Evidence from eye-tracking. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 199 . Article Number 104892. ISSN 0022-0965. (doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104892) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:81132)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104892

Abstract

Differences between children and parents’ implicit and explicit gender stereotypes were investigated in two experiments. For the first time, the visual world paradigm compared parents’ and 7-year-old children’s looking preferences towards masculine- and feminine-typed objects stereotypically associated with a story character’s gender. In Experiment 1, participants listened to sentences that included a verb that inferred intentional action with an object (e.g. ‘Lilly/Alexander will play with the toy”), and in Experiment 2 the verb was replaced with a neutral verb (e.g. ‘Lilly/Alexander will trip over the toy”). A questionnaire assessed participants’ explicit gender stereotype endorsement (and knowledge, Experiment 2) of children’s toys. Results revealed that parents and children displayed similar implicit, but different explicit, stereotypes to one another. In Experiment 1, both displayed looking preferences towards the masculine-typed object when the story character was male, and looking preferences toward the feminine-typed object when the character was female. No gender effects were found with a neutral verb in Experiment 2, reinforcing the impact of gender stereotypes on implicit processing, and showing that the effects are not simply driven by gender stereotypic name-object associations. In the explicit measure, parents did not endorse the gender stereotypes related to toys, but appeared egalitarian, whilst children’s responses were gender-stereotypic.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104892
Uncontrolled keywords: gender stereotypes, children, parents, implicit attitudes
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Heather Ferguson
Date Deposited: 06 May 2020 06:08 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 15:42 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/81132 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Cameron, Lindsey: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1388-1970
Ferguson, Heather J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1575-4820
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