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The face validity of an initial sub-typology of people with autism spectrum disorders detained in psychiatric hospitals

Barnoux, Magali F.L., Alexander, Regi T., Bhaumik, Sab, Devapriam, John, Duggan, Connor, Shepstone, Lee, Staufenberg, Ekkehart, Turner, David, Viding, Essi, Langdon, Peter E. and others. (2020) The face validity of an initial sub-typology of people with autism spectrum disorders detained in psychiatric hospitals. Autism, . ISSN 1362-3613. E-ISSN 1461-7005. (doi:10.1177/1362361320929457) (KAR id:81103)

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Abstract

Autistic adults who have a history of committing crimes present a major problem for providers of services in terms of legal disposal options and possible interventions, and greater understanding of this group and their associated needs is required. For this reason, we aimed to investigate the face validity of a proposed sub-typology of autistic adults detained in secure psychiatric hospitals in the United Kingdom. Initially, a focus group was completed with psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, healthcare workers, family members, and autistic adults who had been detained in hospital, leading to revisions of the sub-typology. Following this, a consensus rating exercise of ten clinical vignettes based upon this subtypology with three rounds was completed with fifteen psychiatrists and clinical psychologists; revisions to the vignettes to improve clarity were made following each round. The findings indicated these subtypes possess face validity and raters were able to classify all ten clinical case vignettes into the sub-typology and percentage of agreement ranged from 96% to 100% for overall subtype classification. This study suggests that the further validity of the sub-typology should be investigated within a larger study, as these sub-types have the potential to directly inform the hospital care-pathway such that length of stay can be minimised.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1362361320929457
Projects: [UNSPECIFIED] People with Autism detained within hospitals: Defining the population, understanding aetiology, and improving care pathways (The mATCH Study)
Uncontrolled keywords: ASD. Paychopathy, Behavioural Problems, Crime, Secure hospitals, Typology, Care Pathway
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Magali Barnoux
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 08:46 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/81103 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Barnoux, Magali F.L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7921-8819
Langdon, Peter E.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7745-1825
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