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Hostile and Benevolent Sexism: The Differential Roles of Human Supremacy Beliefs, Women’s Connection to Nature, and the Dehumanization of Women

Salmen, Alina, Dhont, Kristof (2020) Hostile and Benevolent Sexism: The Differential Roles of Human Supremacy Beliefs, Women’s Connection to Nature, and the Dehumanization of Women. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, . ISSN 1368-4302. (doi:10.1177/1368430220920713) (KAR id:80688)

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https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430220920713

Abstract

Scholars have long argued that sexism is partly rooted in dominance motives over animals and nature, with women being perceived as more animal-like and more closely connected to nature than men. Yet systematic research investigating these associations is currently lacking. Five studies (total N=2,409) consistently show that stronger beliefs in human supremacy over animals and nature were related to heightened hostile and benevolent sexism. Furthermore, perceiving women as more closely connected to nature than men was particularly associated with higher benevolent sexism, whereas subtle dehumanization of women was uniquely associated with higher hostile sexism. Blatant dehumanization predicted both types of sexism. Studies 3 and 4 highlight the roles of social dominance orientation and benevolent beliefs about nature underpinning these associations, while Study 5 demonstrates the implications for individuals’ acceptance of rape myths and policies restricting pregnant women’s freedom. Taken together, our findings reveal the psychological connections between gender relations and human-animal relations.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430220920713
Uncontrolled keywords: dehumanization, human supremacy, sexism, social dominance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre for the Study of Group Processes
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Kristof Dhont
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2020 09:55 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2020 14:38 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80688 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Dhont, Kristof: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6060-8083
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