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From master-slave to down-conversion optical coherence tomography

Podoleanu, Adrian, Bradu, Adrian, Cernat, Ramona, Marques, Manuel Jorge M. (2020) From master-slave to down-conversion optical coherence tomography. In: Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXIV. Proceedings of SPIE . SPIE (doi:10.1117/12.2548617) (KAR id:80332)

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Abstract

We present here advances on the Master Slave (MS) concept, applicable to spectral/Fourier/frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology. Instead of obtaining an A-scan from the sample investigated via a Fourier Transform (FT) or equivalent, the amplitude of the A-scan for each resolvable point along the depth is obtained along a separate output. A multiplier produces the product of the photo-detected signal from the OCT system with that generated by an Electrical or an Optical Master. This allows acquisition at a frequency comparable to that of the sweeping, much inferior to the frequency bandwidth of the channeled spectrum. 3 advantages of the down-conversion method are demonstrated here: (a) real time delivery of an en-face image; (b) axial optical path difference (OPD) range at the level of the source’s dynamic coherence length and (c): tolerance to fluctuations in the sweep of the swept source. The most important advantage of the down-conversion method is that it reduces the signal bandwidth considerably, to the level of the sweeping rate. This facilitates real-time operation. Conventional A-scan production can only be performed real-time if the FT processing is carried out in a time comparable to or less than the sweep time, which depending on the number of sampled points and dynamic range determines a limit of ∼ MHz sweep rate. Before even calculating a FT, acquisition may also be limited by the sampling rate of the digitiser. In conventional SS-OCT, the number of depth points can exceed 1,000, which for a sweeping time of 1 μs would determine signals in the GHz range. Using long coherence length swept sources, this number of depths could be even larger, hence the conventional FT-based method faces a bottleneck due to the time needed to calculate the FT, combined with the need to acquire data at many GS/s.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Speech)
DOI/Identification number: 10.1117/12.2548617
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC355 Optics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Applied Optics Group
Depositing User: Manuel Jorge Marques
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 14:07 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 08:53 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80332 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Podoleanu, Adrian: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4899-9656
Bradu, Adrian: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6890-1599
Marques, Manuel Jorge M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7509-0704
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