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Intact strategic retrieval processes in older adults: No evidence for age-related deficits in source-constrained retrieval

Salhi, Louisa, Bergström, Zara M (2020) Intact strategic retrieval processes in older adults: No evidence for age-related deficits in source-constrained retrieval. Memory, . ISSN 0965-8211. E-ISSN 1464-0686. (doi:10.1080/09658211.2020.1719161) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:80292)

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Language: English

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https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2020.1719161

Abstract

Aging is thought to involve impairments to cognitive control functions that support episodic memory, for example by enabling people to strategically constrain their retrieval search towards a specific context (“source”) in order to facilitate retrieval of goal-relevant memories. The “memory-for-foils” paradigm investigates source-constrained retrieval by assessing whether incidental encoding of new foils during an old/new recognition test differs depending on the type of processing that was previously used during study of the old items in the test. If it does, it suggests that people process foils differently as a result of engaging in source-constrained retrieval attempts. Young adults typically show differences in incidental encoding foils, but such differences have not been found in older adults. Here, we compared source-constrained retrieval and reward effects on incidental foil encoding between younger and older adults, to assess if age-related reductions in strategic retrieval processing are accompanied by differences in responsiveness to external rewards. The results showed only minor effects of rewards on memory processing, in younger adults only. Contrary to prior findings, older adults had equivalent overall memory performance and spontaneously constrained retrieval to the same extent as the young group, showing that aging-related impairments to strategic retrieval processes are not inevitable.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/09658211.2020.1719161
Uncontrolled keywords: Aging; recognition; strategic retrieval; memory-for-foils; external rewards
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Zara Bergstrom
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2020 08:39 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 13:23 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80292 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bergström, Zara M: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8794-0182
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