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The effect of knowledge, species aesthetic appeal, familiarity and conservation need on willingness to donate

Lundberg, P., Vainio, A., MacMillan, D. C., Smith, R. J., Veríssimo, D., Arponen, A. (2019) The effect of knowledge, species aesthetic appeal, familiarity and conservation need on willingness to donate. Animal Conservation, 22 (5). pp. 432-443. ISSN 1367-9430. (doi:10.1111/acv.12477) (KAR id:80286)


Environmental non‐governmental organizations (ENGOs) largely select flagship species for conservation marketing based on their aesthetic appeal. However, little is known about the fundraising effectiveness of this approach or how it compares to ecosystem conservation campaigns that use habitat types as flagships. By performing a willingness to donate (WTD) survey of potential online donors from Finland, we identified which motivations and donor characteristics influence their preferences for a range of different flagship species and ecosystems. Using the contingent valuation method and the payment card approach, we found the combined funding for eight mammal flagship species was 29% higher funding than for eight bird flagship species. Furthermore, the aesthetically more appealing species, as well as the species and ecosystems that are native to Finland, attracted the most funding. We then used ordinal logistic regression to identify the factors influencing a donor's WTD, finding that knowledge of biodiversity conservation and familiarity with the flagship was associated with an increased WTD to birds and ecosystems, and people with higher education levels had an increased WTD to ecosystems. Surprisingly, species aesthetic appeal was not related to an increased WTD, although “need of conservation” was, suggesting that highlighting the plight of these less appealing threatened species or ecosystems could raise money. Our results suggest that the factors driving donating to mammals, birds or ecosystems differ, and so underline the importance of considering the diverse motivations behind donation behaviour in fundraising campaigns. They also provide new evidence of the motivations of online donors, an under‐studied group who are likely to become an increasingly important source of conservation funding.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/acv.12477
Uncontrolled keywords: Flagship species, ecosystem conservation, aesthetic appeal, conservation, familiarity, willingness to donate, fundraising, online donors
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Bob Smith
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2020 21:48 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 18:40 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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