Solitonic Fullerene Structures in Light Atomic Nuclei

Battye, Richard A. and Sutcliffe, Paul M. (2001) Solitonic Fullerene Structures in Light Atomic Nuclei. Physical Review Letters: Moving Physics Forward, 86 (18). pp. 3989-3992. ISSN 0031-9007. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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The Skyrme model is a classical field theory which has topological soliton solutions. These solitons are candidates for describing nuclei, with an identification between the numbers of solitons and nucleons. We have computed numerically, using two different minimization algorithms, minimum energy configurations for up to 22 solitons. We find, remarkably, that the solutions for seven or more solitons have nucleon density isosurfaces in the form of polyhedra made of hexagons and pentagons. Precisely these structures arise, though at the much larger molecular scale, in the chemistry of carbon shells, where they are known as fullerenes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: SKYRME MODEL; SYMMETRY
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science)
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science > Applied Mathematics
Depositing User: Judith Broom
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2008 17:04
Last Modified: 07 May 2014 10:39
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