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Visual Perspective Taking in Young and Older Adults

Martin, Andrew K., Perceval, Garon, Davies, Islay, Su, Peter, Huang, Jasmine, Meinzer, Marcus (2019) Visual Perspective Taking in Young and Older Adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148 (11). pp. 2006-2026. ISSN 0096-3445. (doi:10.1037/xge0000584) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:79697)

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Advanced age is associated with difficulties in social understanding. However, little is known about the underlying cognitive processes. In the present study, healthy young and older adults completed measures of implicit and explicit visual perspective taking (VPT) and measures of executive and social cognition across four experiments. Congruency effects (slower response times or reduced accuracy when scenes were incongruent with the alternate perspective) were identified for the egocentric ("self") and allocentric ("other") conditions of both Level 1 ("line of sight") and Level 2 ("egocentric transformation") explicit VPT. Older adults showed less influence of the alternate perspective during Level 1 VPT, as indexed by fewer errors when the alternate perspective was incongruent. However, during Level 2 VPT, compared with young adults, older adults showed greater influence of the allocentric perspective during egocentric judgments as indexed by slower response times when the scene was incongruent with the allocentric perspective. Older adults were also slower at taking the allocentric perspective in general across both Level 1 and 2 tasks. An implicit VPT effect was identified that was consistent across both age groups. Several VPT measures were associated with executive and social cognition, with different patterns in young and older adults suggesting differing underlying strategies or cognitive processes may partially explain VPT differences between the groups. Difficulties in higher order social tasks may arise from underlying cognitive processes involved in perspective taking and these may be different depending on the requirement to perform an egocentric transformation into the allocentric frame of reference.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/xge0000584
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Andrew Martin
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 15:39 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:10 UTC
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