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Application of Risk Analysis in the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Sector: An Overview

Animah, Isaac, Shafiee, Mahmood (2020) Application of Risk Analysis in the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Sector: An Overview. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 63 . Article Number 103980. ISSN 0950-4230. (doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2019.103980) (KAR id:79675)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2019.103980

Abstract

In recent years, the global demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an energy source is increasing at a very fast rate. In order to meet this demand, a large number of facilities such as platforms, FPSO (floating production, storage and offloading), FSRU (floating storage and regasification unit) and LNG ships and terminals are required for the storage, processing and transportation of LNG. Failure of any of these facilities may expose the market, companies, personnel and the environment to hazards, hence making the application of risk analysis to the LNG sector a very topical issue throughout the world. To assess the risk of accidents associated with LNG facilities and carriers, various risk analysis approaches have been employed to identify the potential hazards, calculate the probability of accidents, as well as assessing the severity of consequences. Nonetheless, literature on classification of the risk analysis models applied to LNG facilities is very limited. Therefore, to reveal the holistic issues and future perspectives on risk analysis of LNG facilities, a systematic review of the current state-of-the-art research on LNG risk analysis is necessary. The aim of this paper is to review and categorize the published literature about the problems associated with risk analysis of LNG facilities, so as to improve the understanding of stakeholders (researchers, regulators, and practitioners). To achieve this aim, scholarly articles on LNG risk analysis are identified, reviewed, and then categorized according to risk assessment methods (qualitative, semi-qualitative or quantitative; deterministic or probabilistic; conventional or dynamic), tools (ETA, FTA, FMEA/FMECA, Bayesian network), output/strategy (RBI, RBM, RBIM, facility siting, etc.), data sources (OREDA handbook, published literature, UK HSE databases, regulatory agencies' reports, industry datasets, and experts’ consultations), applications (LNG carriers and LNG fuelled ships, LNG terminals and stations, LNG offshore floating units, LNG plants), etc. Our study will not only be useful to researchers engaged in these areas but will also assist regulators, policy makers, and operators of LNG facilities to find the risk analysis models that fit their specific requirements.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jlp.2019.103980
Uncontrolled keywords: Liquefied natural gas (LNG); Hazard identification; Risk analysis; Risk assessment; Data sources
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: Mahmood Shafiee
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2020 21:43 UTC
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2020 08:49 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/79675 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Shafiee, Mahmood: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6122-5719
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