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Majority group opposition to minority political entitlements: The Social Dominance Paradox

Milojev, Petar, Sengupta, Nikhil K., Sibley, Chris G. (2014) Majority group opposition to minority political entitlements: The Social Dominance Paradox. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 39 . pp. 82-92. ISSN 0147-1767. (doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.10.001) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

We propose and test the Social Dominance Paradox of majority opposition to minority political entitlement in a national sample of the European majority group in New Zealand (N = 4628). The paradox arises because for the majority ethnic group, Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) should simultaneously and differentially predict support for, and resistance to, minority political interests through opposing ideological mechanisms: Color-Blind Ideology (subjectively egalitarian ideology which functions to maintain inequality by de-emphasising group membership) and Ethnic System Justification (which recognises ethnicity and asserts that ethnic relations are fair). We argue that for the majority group, SDO should predict increased ethnic group salience, and should thus predict decreased Color-Blindness. However, SDO should also lead people to view existing hierarchical arrangements between ethnic groups as legitimate, leading to increased Ethnic System Justification. These dual ideologies should in turn both predict opposition to minority political entitlements. Predictions were supported, and occurred in addition to the strong direct effect of SDO on opposition to minority political entitlement. These findings provide an important, and theoretically predicted, paradox evident for those high in SDO; and emphasise the subtlety and explanatory power of Social Dominance Theory for understanding support for minority political entitlement.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.10.001
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Nikhil Sengupta
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 14:21 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 10:09 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/79065 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Sengupta, Nikhil K.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5694-353X
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