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The drawbacks of a global concept of sustainable neighbourhood in developing countries

Khemri, Yazid, Caputo, Silvio, Melis, Alessandro (2019) The drawbacks of a global concept of sustainable neighbourhood in developing countries. In: 3rd International Conference on Cities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts (CITAA), 11-12 Sep 2019, Pisa, Italy. (In press) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

A sustainable neighbourhood is generally considered the key spatial unit for cities, enabling sustainability to be applied as a set of urban planning, social and environmental principles (Barton, 2000; Farr, 2008; Rudlin & Falk, 1999). However, the concept of sustainable neighbourhood was developed in the global North, thus reflecting a city form and social context that do not apply to developing countries, which have different cultures, goals and priorities. Yet, in the global South, the uncontrolled urbanisation led to adopt the sustainable neighbourhood concept as developed for the cities of the global North, in an attempt to attain a more sustainable urban development (Barthel, 2014, 2015; Elgendy, 2011). Ironically, this is inconsistent with the notion of sustainability that advocates a planning and design process customised to the local context. As a result, a rejection of the globalised projects by the local population for not being responsive to their lifestyle leads to spatial and social segregation (Chabou, 2008; Dris, 2005). This paper aims to demonstrate the twofold hypothesis that the sustainable neighbourhood concept of the global North cannot be generalised, and a truly sustainable model should emerge from local context. In order to do so, the paper will review relevant literature focusing on the concept of sustainable neighbourhood and will uncover the negative repercussions of this imported model in developing countries. Building on the literature review of several case studies, the paper will mention the failures of the globalised projects, such as the loss of locality, degradation of sense of community, social and spatial segregation, and globalisation. The outcomes of the paper are useful for contemporary and future sustainable urban projects to learn from past mistakes, which can be avoided in order to facilitate the achievement of a more sustainable neighbourhood development.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > Architecture
Depositing User: Silvio Caputo
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 11:37 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2019 10:38 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/79017 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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