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Military Communities and Temple Patronage: A Case Study of Britain and Pannonia

Walsh, David (2019) Military Communities and Temple Patronage: A Case Study of Britain and Pannonia. The American Journal of Archaeology, 124 (2). (In press) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
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Abstract

Much has been written on the religious aspects of life in the Roman military community, but the role of soldiers as temple patrons has rarely been discussed. Yet temples and shrines have been found at military settlements across the Roman Empire, and many temples situated in urban areas have produced evidence of financial support from soldiers. Thus, exploring the relationship between military communities and temples is important for our understanding of the religious dimension of these communities and, moreover, of wider developments in temple-based worship in the Roman Empire. Indeed, the emperors of the late third century came from this social milieu, and their disposition towards temples would have been affected by their experiences in military life. I will demonstrate here, for the first time, how and why support for temple construction and repair among the military communities in two of the most militarized provinces, Britain and Pannonia, decreased dramatically after the early third century, and why certain temples (mithraea and dolichena) did not adhere to this decline. In doing so, I shall illustrate how the changing relationship between military communities and temples influenced the attitudes of late third-century emperors towards temple construction and repair.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > DE The Greco-Roman World
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > Classical and Archaeological Studies
Depositing User: David Walsh
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 09:45 UTC
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 11:24 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/78824 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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