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Historic Practices of Ventilative Cooling: A Case Study on the House of Parliament, 1836–1966

Schoenefeldt, Henrik (2021) Historic Practices of Ventilative Cooling: A Case Study on the House of Parliament, 1836–1966. In: Chiesa, Giacomo and Kolokotroni, Maria and Heiselberg, Per, eds. Innovations in Ventilative Cooling. Springer, pp. 329-359. ISBN 978-3-030-72384-2. (doi:10.1007/978-3-030-72385-9_13) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:78598)

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Abstract

Ventilative cooling is a concern of contemporary practice, but research into the design of historic buildings has illustrate that the use of ventilation for cooling has been a much more longstanding practice. It was widely utilised in public buildings throughout nineteenth century and first half of the twentieth century, often in conjunction with other historic techniques. This chapter provides a critical examination of ventilative cooling as a historic practice, using the House of Lords as case study. This provides a setting where the challenges of cooling buildings before the introduction of mechanical refrigeration and air conditioning can be studied. Inside the two debating chambers ventilation was utilised for cooling purpose in three different ways. In addition to (1) reducing the indoor air temperature, ventilation was utilized to (2) harness the cooling effect of air movement, (3) and also to cool the architectural fabric, following the principal of night-purge ventilation. Focusing on the period from 1835 until 1950 and taking a realist perspective this chapter re-examines the experience and knowledge that users, scientific researchers and technical staff had acquired, illuminating the practical challenges of achieving thermal comfort through ventilative cooling, covering both mechanical and natural methods. This shows that historic practices not only engaged with the technological but also managerial and user-experience perspectives.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-3-030-72385-9_13
Uncontrolled keywords: House of Lords, natural cooling, architectural conservation, heritage, thermal comfort
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > Kent School of Architecture and Planning
Depositing User: Henrik Schoenefeldt
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 13:43 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2021 13:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/78598 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Schoenefeldt, Henrik: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1768-0255
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