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Cellular biology of human intimal hyperplastic stenosis

Chan, P., Munro, E., Patel, M., Betteridge, L., Schachter, M., Sever, P., Wolfe, J. (1993) Cellular biology of human intimal hyperplastic stenosis. European Journal of Vascular Surgery, 7 (2). pp. 129-135. ISSN 0950-821X. (doi:10.1016/S0950-821X(05)80752-2) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:78359)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0950-821X(05)80752-2

Abstract

Restenosis after angioplasty and vascular surgery remains a major unsolved clinical problem. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hyperplasia is an invariable response, but in 20-50% of cases proceeds to compromise the vessel lumen. We sought to identify cellular characteristics of human VSMC which are associated with restenosis. Human VSMC were grown from 135 samples of vascular tissue derived from patients undergoing primary cardiovascular surgery and revision surgery for restenosis. Cells derived from normal vein and artery, atherosclerotic plaques and from stenotic lesions were studied for successful proliferation in cell culture. Furthermore, growth rates were measured in response to 15% foetal calf serum ± inhibition with heparin (100 μg/ml). Significantly fewer cells from atherosclerotic plaques progress to the third passage in cell culture than those derived from stenoses and controls (p < 0.001, Chi square) and growth rates after the third passage could not be studied in these cells. Of cells that progress to this stage, growth rates do not differ between stenosis-derived and normal cells under standard conditions. VSMC from mature atherosclerotic plaques may have undergone senescent changes. Stenosis-derived cells do not grow more rapidly than normal cells, but are significantly less sensitive to heparin (p < 0.001, Mann-Witney test), which is a major physiological inhibitor of VSMC growth. Differences in biological characteristics of human VSMC, observed in cell culture, may provide important insights into human vascular disease.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/S0950-821X(05)80752-2
Uncontrolled keywords: Cell culture, Heparin, Intimal hyperplasia, Restenosis, Vascular smooth muscle, heparin, adult, aged, angioplasty, atherosclerosis, blood vessel graft, cell proliferation, conference paper, coronary artery obstruction, drug sensitivity, female, human, human tissue, major clinical study, male, vascular smooth muscle, Actins, Angioplasty, Balloon, Arteriosclerosis, Cell Division, Cell Movement, Cells, Cultured, Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Graft Occlusion, Vascular, Human, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Postoperative Complications, Recurrence, Reoperation, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Tunica Intima, von Willebrand Factor
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Kent and Medway Medical School
Depositing User: Philip Chan
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 09:51 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 16:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/78359 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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